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Contributing Guide#

This document describes the requirements for committing to this repository.

Developer Certificate of Origin (DCO)#

In order to contribute to this project, you must sign each of your commits to attest that you have the right to contribute that code.
This is done with the -s/--signoff flag on git commit.
More information about DCO can be found here

Pull Request Management#

All code that is contributed to kube-rs must go through the Pull Request (PR) process.
To contribute a PR, fork this project, create a new branch, make changes on that branch, and then use GitHub to open a pull request with your changes.

Every PR must be reviewed by at least one Maintainer of the project.
Once a PR has been marked "Approved" by a Maintainer (and no other Maintainer has an open "Rejected" vote), the PR may be merged.
While it is fine for non-maintainers to contribute their own code reviews, those reviews do not satisfy the above requirement.

Code of Conduct#

This project has adopted the CNCF Code of

Rust Guidelines#

  • Channel: Code is built and tested using the stable channel of Rust, but documented and formatted with nightly *
  • Formatting: To format the codebase, run just fmt
  • Documentation To check documentation, run just doc
  • Testing: To run tests, run just test and see below.

For a list of tooling that we glue together everything see


We have 3 classes of tests.

  • Unit tests & Documentation Tests
  • Integration tests (requires Kubernetes)
  • End to End tests (requires Kubernetes)

The last two will try to access the Kubernetes cluster that is your current-context; i.e. via your local KUBECONFIG evar or ~/.kube/config file.

The easiest way set up a minimal Kubernetes cluster for these is with k3d (just k3d).

Unit Tests & Documentation Tests#

Most unit/doc tests are run from cargo test --lib --doc --all, but because of feature-sets, and examples, you will need a couple of extra invocations to replicate our CI.

For the complete variations, run the just test target in the justfile.

All public interfaces must be documented, and most should have minor documentation examples to show usage.

Integration Tests#

Slower set of tests within the crates marked with an #[ignore] attribute.

⚠ These WILL try to modify resources in your current cluster ⚠

Most integration tests are run with cargo test --all --lib -- --ignored, but because of feature-sets, you will need a few invocations of these to replicate our CI. See just test-integration

End to End Tests#

We have a small set of e2e tests that tests difference between in-cluster and local configuration.

These tests are the heaviest tests we have because they require a full docker build, image import (or push/pull flow), yaml construction, and kubectl usage to verify that the outcome was sufficient.

To run E2E tests, use (or follow) just e2e as appropriate.

Test Guidelines#

When to add a test#

All public interfaces should have doc tests with examples for

When adding new non-trivial pieces of logic that results in a drop in coverage you should add a test.

Cross-reference with the coverage build coverage build and go to your branch. Coverage can also be run locally with cargo tarpaulin at project root. This will use our tarpaulin.toml config, and will run both unit and integration tests.

What type of test#

  • Unit tests MUST NOT try to contact a Kubernetes cluster
  • Doc tests MUST be marked as no_run when they need to contact a Kubernetes cluster
  • Integration tests MUST NOT be used when a unit test is sufficient
  • Integration tests MUST NOT assume existence of non-standard objects in the cluster
  • Integration tests MUST NOT cross-depend on other unit tests completing (and installing what you need)
  • E2E tests MUST NOT be used where an integration test is sufficient

In general: use the least powerful method of testing available to you:

  • use unit tests in kube-core
  • use unit tests in kube-client (and in rare cases integration tests)
  • use unit tests in kube-runtime (and occassionally integration tests)
  • use e2e tests when testing differences between in-cluster and local configuration



The high-level architecture document is written for contributors.


You can ask general questions / share ideas / query the community at the kube-rs discussions forum.
You can reach the maintainers of this project at #kube channel on the Tokio discord.